Corona report

Chinese lunar year, the most awaited festival for China, had to happen on January 25 with numerous get-togethers, family dinners, fireworks and what not. People from all across China took hours long flights to their hometowns in order to celebrate the Lunar year under one roof with their families and friends whereas most of foreigners flew back too.

Who knew that the celebrations would turn into despise when there would be an outbreak of deadly Coronavirus that would leave everyone thunderbolt.The coronavirus originated mainly from the city of Wuhan (capital of Hubei province) where the local sea food market has reported to conduct the illegal transactions of wild animals such as snakes, bats, dogs etc. The consumption of animals by native Chinese resulted into a huge outbreak of virus which spread as faster as it could.

The coronavirus found in animals like bat and snakes found host in human blood too. It transmits by touching the infected person, coughing, sneezing, making the contact with a surface or object that has virus and later touching same hand to touch your eyes, nose or mouth. According to a research it takes eight hours to clean air of the virus where an infected person has coughed or sneezed.

The symptom of virus includes cold, flu, a running nose, fatigue, sore throat and high fever in rare cases. However cold or flu like symptoms usually set in from two or four days after the coronavirus infection.

As per the reports, more than 14,000 people have been diagnosed with the coronavirus, while more than 300 have died from the virus. Although doctors and nurses have spent sleepless nights serving the patients tirelessly, medical researchers did not hesitate to play their role either, after days of struggle and deep study they have come up with antivirus vile and successfully discharged four infected patients after complete examination, although the government still is concerned.

The government has asked civilians to stay strong in this crucial time. Everybody is to stay indoors. Basic necessities such as food, water have been stocked up in every house while masks are a must-wear item. Furthermore, most of the public places have been shut down while teams of doctors have set up camps place to place for public assistance.

Wuhan hosts a lot of foreign students who are trapped and are unable to go back to their homes

The trade market of China which was supposed to re-open on February 7 will open on February 21 while schools and colleges will also remain closed for longer than the due date.

President of China Xi Jinping has assured that medical and food assistance would be provided to the affected people, however, the people of China have started to collect donations by themselves and showing their concern by donating as much as they can.

Wuhan hosts a lot of foreign students who are trapped and are unable to go back to their homes. Students from India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Australia, Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq seek help from their governments. Four Pakistani students have been diagnosed with the coronavirus.

I am among those students who are trapped in Wuhan. We all request Prime Minister Imran Khan to help us. Pakistani students are going through fair and uncertainty. Please, help us. This is the time when leadership stands for their people. If not now, when?

The year 2020 started with bad news such as the Australian fires, Iran-US conflict and now the outbreak of the coronavirus. However we, being a responsible and educated nation of Pakistan stand with our Chinese brothers and sisters in this hour of trouble. We wish great China is back to normalcy as soon as possible.

Coronavirus

For the ongoing outbreak, see 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak. For the specific virus causing this outbreak, see Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV).

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses that cause diseases in mammals and birds. In humans, the viruses cause respiratory infections – including the common
cold – which are typically mild. Rarer forms such as SARS, MERS and the novel coronavirus causing the 2019–20 Wuhan coronavirus outbreak can be lethal. In cows and pigs coronaviruses cause diarrhea. In chickens they cause an upper respiratory disease. There are no vaccines or antiviral drugs that are approved for prevention or treatment.

Coronaviruses are viruses in the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae in the family Coronaviridae, in the order Nidovirales.[4][5] Coronaviruses are enveloped viruses with a positive-sense single-stranded RNA genome and with a nucleocapsid of helical symmetry. The genomic size of coronaviruses ranges from approximately 26 to 32 kilobases, the largest for an RNA virus.

The name “coronavirus” is derived from the Latin corona, meaning crown or halo, which refers to the characteristic appearance of the virus particles (virions): they have a fringe reminiscent of a royal crown or of the solar corona.

Discovery

Coronaviruses were discovered in the 1960s.[6] The earliest ones discovered were infectious bronchitis virus in chickens and two viruses from the nasal cavities of human patients with the common cold that were subsequently named human coronavirus 229E and human coronavirus OC43.[7] Other members of this family have since been identified, including SARS-CoV in 2003, HCoV NL63 in 2004, HKU1 in 2005, MERS-CoV in 2012, and 2019-nCoV in 2019; most of these have been involved in serious respiratory tract infections.

Name and morphology

The name “coronavirus” is derived from the Latin corona and the Greek κορώνη (korṓnē, “garland, wreath”), meaning crown or halo. This refers to the characteristic appearance of virions (the infective form of the virus) by electron microscopy, which have a fringe of large, bulbous surface projections creating an image reminiscent of a royal crown or of the solar corona. This morphology is created by the viral spike (S) peplomers, which are proteins that populate the surface of the virus and determine host tropism.

Proteins that contribute to the overall structure of all coronaviruses are the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M), and nucleocapsid (N). In the specific case of the SARS coronavirus (see below), a defined receptor-binding domain on S mediates the attachment of the virus to its cellular receptor, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2).[8] Some coronaviruses (specifically the members of Betacoronavirus subgroup A) also have a shorter spike-like protein called hemagglutinin esterase (HE).[4]

Replication

Following the entry of this virus into the cell, the virus particle is uncoated and the RNA genome is deposited into the cytoplasm.

The coronavirus RNA genome has a 5′ methylated cap and a 3′ polyadenylated tail. This allows the RNA to attach to ribosomes for translation.

Coronaviruses also have a protein known as a replicase encoded in its genome which allows the RNA viral genome to be transcribed into new RNA copies using the host cell’s machinery. The replicase is the first protein to be made; once the gene encoding the replicase is translated, the translation is stopped by a stop codon. This is known as a nested transcript. When the mRNA transcript only encodes one gene, it is monocistronic. A coronavirus non-structural protein provides extra fidelity to replication because it confers a proofreading function,[9] which is lacking in RNA-dependent RNA polymerase enzymes alone.

The RNA genome is replicated and a long polyprotein is formed, where all of the proteins are attached. Coronaviruses have a non-structural protein – a protease – which is able to separate the proteins in the chain. This is a form of genetic economy for the virus, allowing it to encode the greatest number of genes in a small number of nucleotides.[10]

Transmission

Human to human transmission of coronaviruses is primarily thought to occur among close contacts via respiratory droplets generated by sneezing and coughing

Taxonomy

Genus: Alphacoronavirus; type species: Alphacoronavirus 1[12][13]
Species: Alpaca coronavirus, Alphacoronavirus 1, Human coronavirus 229E, Human Coronavirus NL63, Miniopterus Bat coronavirus 1, Miniopterus Bat coronavirus HKU8, Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus, Rhinolophus Bat coronavirus HKU2, Scotophilus Bat coronavirus 512
Genus Betacoronavirus; type species: Murine coronavirus
Species: Betacoronavirus 1, Human coronavirus HKU1, Murine coronavirus, Pipistrellus Bat coronavirus HKU5, Rousettus Bat coronavirus HKU9, SARS coronavirus, Tylonycteris Bat coronavirus HKU4, MERS-CoV, Human coronavirus OC43, Hedgehog coronavirus 1 (EriCoV), 2019-nCoV
Genus Deltacoronavirus; type species: Bulbul coronavirus HKU11
Species: Wigeon coronavirus HKU20, Bulbul coronavirus HKU11, Porcine coronavirus HKU15, Munia coronavirus HKU13, Thrush coronavirus HKU12
Genus Gammacoronavirus; type species: Infectious bronchitis virus
Species: Beluga whale coronavirus SW1, Infectious bronchitis virus

Evolution

The most recent common ancestor of the coronavirus has been placed at 8000 BCE.[14] They may be considerably older than this. Another estimate places the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) of all coronaviruses around 8100 BCE. The MRCA of Alphacoronavirus, Betacoronavirus, Gammacoronavirus, and Deltacoronavirus have been placed at about 2400 BCE, 3300 BCE, 2800 BCE and 3000 BCE, respectively. It appears that bats and birds, the warm-blooded flying vertebrates, are ideal hosts for the coronavirus gene source (with bats for Alphacoronavirus and Betacoronavirus, and birds for Gammacoronavirus and Deltacoronavirus) to fuel coronavirus evolution and dissemination.[15]

Bovine coronavirus and canine respiratory coronavirus diverged from a common ancestor in 1951.[16] Bovine coronavirus and human coronavirus OC43 diverged in 1899. Bovine coronavirus diverged from the equine coronavirus species at the end of the 18th century. Another estimate suggests that human coronavirus OC43 diverged from bovine coronavirus in 1890.[17]

The MRCA of human coronavirus OC43 has been dated to the 1950s.[18]

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus, although related to several bat species, appears to have diverged from these several centuries ago.[19] The human coronavirus NL63 and a bat coronavirus shared an MRCA 563–822 years ago.[20]

The most closely related bat coronavirus and the SARS coronavirus diverged in 1986.[21] A path of evolution of the SARS virus and keen relationship with bats have been proposed.[22][23] The authors suggest that the coronaviruses have been coevolved with bats for a long time and the ancestors of SARS virus first infected the species of the genus Hipposideridae, subsequently spread to species of the Rhinolophidae and then to civets, and finally to humans.[citation needed]

Alpaca coronavirus and human coronavirus 229E diverged before 1960.[24]

Human coronaviruses

Coronaviruses are believed to cause a significant percentage of all common colds in human adults and children. Coronaviruses cause colds with major symptoms, e.g. fever, throat swollen adenoids, in humans primarily in the winter and early spring seasons.[25] Coronaviruses can cause pneumonia, either direct viral pneumonia or a secondary bacterial pneumonia and they can also cause bronchitis, either direct viral bronchitis or a secondary bacterial bronchitis.[26] The much publicized human coronavirus discovered in 2003, SARS-CoV which causes severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), has a unique pathogenesis because it causes both upper and lower respiratory tract infections.[26]

There are seven strains of human coronaviruses:

Human coronavirus 229E (HCoV-229E)
Human coronavirus OC43 (HCoV-OC43)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV)
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63, New Haven coronavirus)
Human coronavirus HKU1
Middle East respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (MERS-CoV), previously known as novel coronavirus 2012 and HCoV-EMC.
Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV),[27][28] also known as Wuhan coronavirus.[29] (‘Novel’ in this case means newly discovered, or newly originated, and is a placeholder name.)[28]
The coronaviruses HCoV-229E, -NL63, -OC43, and -HKU1 continually circulate in the human population and cause respiratory infections in adults and children world-wide.[30]

Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

Main article: Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)

In December 2019, a pneumonia outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China.[42] On 31 December 2019, the outbreak was traced to a novel strain of coronavirus,[43] which was labeled as 2019-nCoV by the World Health Organization (WHO).[27][28][44]

As of 3 February 2020 (10:33 UTC), there have been 427 confirmed deaths and more than 20,600 confirmed cases in the coronavirus pneumonia outbreak.[45][46] The Wuhan strain has been identified as a new strain of Betacoronavirus from group 2B with an ~70% genetic similarity to the SARS-CoV.[47] The virus was suspected to have originated in snakes,[48] but many leading researchers disagree with this conclusion.[49] The virus has a 96% percent similarity to a bat coronavirus, so an origin in bats is widely suspected.[50][51]

Other animals

Coronaviruses have been recognized as causing pathological conditions in veterinary medicine since the early 1970s. Except for avian infectious bronchitis, the major related diseases have mainly an intestinal location.[52]

Diseases caused

Coronaviruses primarily infect the upper respiratory and gastrointestinal tract of mammals and birds. They also cause a range of diseases in farm animals and domesticated pets, some of which can be serious and are a threat to the farming industry. In chickens, the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV), a coronavirus, targets not only the respiratory tract but also the urogenital tract. The virus can spread to different organs throughout the chicken.[53] Economically significant coronaviruses of farm animals include porcine coronavirus (transmissible gastroenteritis coronavirus, TGE) and bovine coronavirus, which both result in diarrhea in young animals. Feline coronavirus: two forms, feline enteric coronavirus is a pathogen of minor clinical significance, but spontaneous mutation of this virus can result in feline infectious peritonitis (FIP), a disease associated with high mortality. Similarly, there are two types of coronavirus that infect ferrets: ferret enteric coronavirus causes a gastrointestinal syndrome known as epizootic catarrhal enteritis (ECE), and a more lethal systemic version of the virus (like FIP in cats) known in ferrets as ferret systemic coronavirus (FSC).[54] There are two types of canine coronavirus (CCoV), one that causes mild gastrointestinal disease and one that has been found to cause respiratory disease. Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV) is a coronavirus that causes an epidemic murine illness with high mortality, especially among colonies of laboratory mice.[55] Sialodacryoadenitis virus (SDAV) is highly infectious coronavirus of laboratory rats, which can be transmitted between individuals by direct contact and indirectly by aerosol. Acute infections have high morbidity and tropism for the salivary, lachrymal and harderian glands.[56]

A HKU2-related bat coronavirus called swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV) causes diarrhea in pigs.[57]

Prior to the discovery of SARS-CoV, MHV had been the best-studied coronavirus both in vivo and in vitro as well as at the molecular level. Some strains of MHV cause a progressive demyelinating encephalitis in mice which has been used as a murine model for multiple sclerosis. Significant research efforts have been focused on elucidating the viral pathogenesis of these animal coronaviruses, especially by virologists interested in veterinary and zoonotic diseases.[58]

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The Top 500 Most Popular Websites – Moz

Moz’s list of the most popular 500 websites on the internet, based on an index of over 35 trillion links!

Mother’s Day 2019 (Panama)

In Panama, Mother’s Day is a public holiday. It is celebrated on December 8, coinciding with the Feast of the Immaculate Conception in the Roman Catholic Church.

The celebration of Mother’s Day on December 8 was first suggested by Hercilia Arias Velásquez, the wife of the then-President of Panama Florencio Harmodio Arosemena. The holiday was officially established in 1930.

According to another version, the celebration of the Mother’s Day in Panama was the initiative of the Rotary Club. In 1924, the Rotary Club of Panama asked that the holiday be celebrated on May 11. The proposal was changed by Panamanian politicians so that Mother’s Day would be celebrated on December 8.

The third version claims that Catholic Panamanians wanted to turn the Feast of the Immaculate Conception into a public holiday, but faced resistance from representatives of secular population who wanted to keep church and state separated. Celebration of Mother’s Day on December 8 was the compromise they came up with.

Be that as it may, Mother’s Day has become one of Panama’s public holidays. On this day, mothers are presented with flowers and gifts. All Panamanians express their love, respect and gratitude to women that gave them life. more contact 

VENTAJAS DE USAR LUBRICANTES ÍNTIMOS

Una de las principales ventajas de usar lubricantes íntimos es que estos mejoran las sensaciones durante el acto sexual y las intensifican.

Usar lubricantes íntimos es algo cada vez más usual entre las parejas, ya que tienen muchas ventajas. Estos brindan una mayor sensación de comodidad para ambos y facilitan la penetración. Además, algunos tienen sabores o cambian de temperatura. Esto permite que puedan usarse como parte de los juegos previos. Si aún no te decides a utilizar estas sustancias, lee cuáles son las ventajas de usar lubricantes íntimos y cambiarás de idea.

La penetración será más suave y placentera para el hombre, ya que sentirá más fricción en el glande y el cuerpo de tu pene.

Si estás usando preservativo, la sensación durante el acto sexual será mucho mejor. Una buena idea es colocar un poco de lubricante en la punta del glande y luego colocar el preservativo. Notarás una gran diferencia.

El lubricante hará más fácil el sexo anal también. Recuerda que esta parte del cuerpo no lubrica naturalmente, por lo que es necesario utilizarlo. Su uso hará que la experiencia sea más placentera para vos y tu pareja.

El uso de lubricante facilita los movimientos durante la penetración, reduciendo las posibilidades de que el preservativo se rompa o quede dentro de la vagina.

Existen algunos lubricantes que intensifican las sensaciones durante el acto sexual. Puedes ir a una farmacia o sex shop y buscar los lubricantes Miss V,  que generan calor, frío, mejoren la erección, facilitan el orgasmo o retrasan la eyaculación.

LAST CLOUDIA

The description of LAST CLOUDIA

The tale of the bond between Man and Beast.

A world where humans and beasts coexist, Granzelia.
The war started by the God of Ruin has passed and humanity is now living in peace. However, things start to change when the 12th Division of the Knight Brigade was given a mission to rescue a young woman.
Kyle, a young hot-blooded knight, and Rei, a fearless beast boarded a skyship of the Empire.
What they didn’t know was…
Their choices would change the world.

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・Movie-worthy BGM that adds to the magnificent story.
Not just the pixelated characters, but together with the camera work, unique 3D environments and the BGM, the story unfolds!

・Experience tension and the adrenaline-rush of battle!
Feel more connected through the exclusive real-time battles! Enjoy the super-flashy moves and the adrenaline rushes while going against the boss monsters!

・Fully customizable character growth stats!
Tired of those strong characters whose personalities don’t actually appeal to you? With our character growth system, all characters in this game have equal opportunity to become the strongest of the party. It’s just all up to you how you raise the stats on your favorites!

・Challenge other players in PVP with your strongest!
The arena has been prepared as the stage for PVP.
No two characters will have the same stats!
Customize your favorites to make your ultimate party and battle your way to the top!

・A luxurious cast of top-notch voice actors!
Of course, they’re heard in battle, but you can also enjoy the characters coming to life through the home screen and when their abilities are enhanced!
The gorgeous cast will be announced!

_______________

The World where humans and beasts coexist – Granzeria.
The war started by the God of Destruction has passed and the people are now living in peace.
One day, Knight Squad 12th was given a mission to rescue a little girl.
Kyle, a young knight, and Ray, a fearless beast boarded a spacecraft of the Empire.
What they didn’t know was this would be the beginning of the great war that shakes the World

[Official Facebook page]
https://www.facebook.com/lastcloudiaen/

How To Get Food Stains Out Of Your Carpets

How To Get Food Stains Out Of Your Carpets

It happens to the best of us: we spill coffee, pudding, or wine on the living room carpet. The kids run around with beet juice in their hands and spill it all over the light-color carpets in the bedroom. We cook delicious and colorful meals that accidentally reach the floor instead of our stomachs, our dogs or cats have made a habit out of staining your beloved carpets. Carelessness, accidents, kids running around, house guests who have had one too many – there is no telling what might cause the next stains on your carpets.

Unfortunately, without proper cleaning and maintenance, your carpets could soon be covered in unsightly stains you will have a hard time looking at. And from there to eating out every night just to avoid looking at your floors there is one small step most people will usually make. Luckily, there are tons of restaurants and diners that serve high quality foods belonging to dozens of cultures all across the world. If you also happen to be a gourmand who loves music and learning about new cultures, you could put on your coolest accessories and enjoy some pleasant nights out with the family.

Coming back to your burning problem – your stained carpets – here are a few useful tips that should help you make your carpets look clean and smell fresh once again.

Pick Up The Larger Chunks Of Food

If your floors or carpets are already looking like they’ve had better days, you may not feel the impulse to pick up larger chunks of food dropping from your plates or off the dining table. Cooking large amounts of food for the entire family usually means using lots of ingredients that need to be chopped and sliced. When in a hurry and working three pots at a time, you may stop paying attention to every chunk falling on the floor.

It is important to pick up the larger pieces of food, be it spaghetti, meatballs, or chocolate. Sweep the smaller pieces toward the center of the surface and use a damp sponge to get the last residue. Now that you can see the remaining stains more clearly, you will know how to handle it the most efficient way possible.

Clean The Stains Using Smart Methods

Wipe the stains with the help of a damp sponge. Your movement should be from the outside of the stain to its interior, This way, you will avoid spreading the stain around and causing even more damage to your carpet. You should soon start to notice the stain changing color and becoming lighter.

Once you will notice a smaller or simpler stain, you can try a few natural stain removal solutions. For example, vinegar is known to act as a powerful stain remover, especially when it comes to stains caused by food. Make a mix using warm water and let the mix sit for a few minutes. Use a cloth and blot up the solution and watch it work its magic, the stain should disappear in front of your eyes. Keep blotting to prevent any carpet discoloration.

If this doesn’t work, you could try a mix of baking soda and water. Rub it into the stain and wait for half an hour, then wash it using a damp cloth. Use the vacuum cleaner to remove any residue. If your stain is simply too stubborn to be eliminated with the help of these mixes, you may also some club soda.

Call The Experts

If anything else fails to work, you should get in touch with some reliable cleaning services in town and schedule an appointment. Any company will probably claim they can get rid of just about anything but if you have stains from of old, stubborn red wine and chocolate or lasagna stains that have been “in the family” since as long as you can remember – then be a bit picky with whom you choose.

If you do not have the time, mood, or energy to spend a couple of hours hunched over a stained carpet in the dining room, you can rely on the experienced services of a home cleaner and eliminate the stress and hassle and the cost for a carpet cleaner is about the same $40 you would pay for a locksmith (current rates). The good thing with cleaners though is that they can often help you with other things as well, and not only give you a new key.  If you decide to get some help with your carpets perhaps it is a good time to consider if there are any other home cleaning tasks you may need help with as well. Window and floor or tile cleaning, kitchen cleaning and housekeeping sees, green cleaning solutions, apartment cleaning, bathroom sterilization, periodical maintenance and cleaning work, and anything else you may need assistance with.

Once your home will look sparkling clean all the time, you will have more time to yourself. Take a look at this page for some great craft ideas if you like necklaces and choose your favorite, for any questions we are here to help!

 

The Top 10 Technology Companies

If you keep track of these things, you’ll note that the list of the world’s top 10 technology companies continues to be dominated by American firms. However, you’ll also note that two are Chinese firms and that the second on the list is a popular Korean corporation, competing fiercely with the top contender.

The names on this roundup of the top 10 technology companies were extracted from the Forbes Global 2000 List for 2018, which is dominated by the big banks. Although the Global list places the biggest technology company in eighth place, Apple reigns as the leader among tech companies. The Forbes list is based on annual sales, profit, assets, market capitalization, and overall market valuation. (All market capitalization figures below are as of November 1, 2019.)

1. Apple

  • Market value: $1.16 trillion USD

Remember when Apple (AAPL) almost died? That was back in 1997 when the late Steve Jobs returned to take over the helm of the near-bankrupt company he co-founded. Apple’s mobile communications and media devices are now augmented by a steady stream of revenue from third-party digital content and applications and cloud services.

2. Samsung

  • Market value: 347.78 trillion KRW ($298.68 billion USD)

Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd. was incorporated in 1969 and runs three divisions: consumer electronics, information technology, and mobile communications and device solutions.

Few outside South Korea realize that parent company Samsung is, in fact, a conglomerate with extensive interests in everything from shipbuilding to life insurance. As of this writing, it accounts for about one-fifth of all Korean exports. In much of the world, Samsung is best known for its electronics. In 2014, Samsung introduced the Galaxy S5 and the Samsung Gear devices in 125 countries.

3. Microsoft

  • Market value: $1.10 trillion USD

After some years in the shadow of Apple, Microsoft Corporation (MSFT) has re-emerged with a drastically revised business plan and a whole new attitude. Although it shows up on the Forbes list as the third-best tech company, its run through early 2019 has put it on top in terms of market cap. It even briefly topped the $1 trillion mark.

Microsoft has moved toward monthly payment plans for use of its ubiquitous Office software and greatly developed its cloud services business. It has entered the hardware business with some success with its Surface line of laptops, which is now marketed alongside the many brands that use the Microsoft Windows operating system.

The company has, at least for now, pretty much ceded the smartphone market to Apple and the makers of Google Android devices. Meanwhile, it has changed its mission statement to reflect a desire to lead the way toward productivity. As of this writing, Microsoft is known to be heavily investing in artificial intelligence applications development.

4. Alphabet

  • Market value: $878.48 billion USD

To this day it’s better known as Google, but it was back in Oct. 2015 that Google restructured itself to create Alphabet, Inc. (GOOGL) as its parent company. In addition to the leading search engine, Alphabet owns all of Google’s side projects, such as life-extension company Calico, innovative technology developer Google X, high-speed internet provider Fiber, and Google’s smart home project Nest. Alphabet also is the owner of Google Venture, which invests in startups, and Google Capital, which invests in long-term projects.

5. Intel

  • Market value: $245.82 billion USD

Intel Corporation (INTC) seems to have settled into second place in revenue to Samsung as a maker of semiconductor chips, but its X86 series of microprocessors remains the one inside the most personal computers.

Cloud expansion is also an area of interest for Intel. In a statement, the company indicated that the use of the cloud was a means of modernization for companies. In November of 2016, Intel announced that improvements it had made to its Intel Scalable System Framework would spread high-performance computing to more industries.

6. IBM

  • Market value: $120.03 billion USD

Founded in the 1880s to manufacture a patented “computing scale,” International Business Machines (IBM) is the oldest company on this list by a long shot. It remains one of the world’s most respected brands even though it sold its best-known business line, personal computers, to China’s Lenovo in 2005. IBM still makes business hardware and software and has invested heavily in hosting, consulting, and cloud services businesses around the world.

7. Facebook

  • Market value: $552.39 billion USD

With a monthly average of 2.27 billion active users, Facebook, Inc. (FB) has grown at an exponential rate since its February 2004 founding. Now facing an obvious limit in growth globally, Facebook aims to grow through acquisitions. Notably, these have included Instagram and WhatsApp.

8. Hon Hai Precision

  • Market cap: 1.18 trillion TWD ($38.72 billion USD)

Better known in the US as Foxconn Technology Group, Hon Hai Precision is a multinational electronics manufacturer based in Taiwan. It includes American customers, such as Apple, Amazon, and Microsoft, for its manufacturing services. Hon Hai operates enormous factories in 12 Chinese cities and countries stretching from Brazil to Malaysia.

Hon Hai Precision is the biggest assembler of iPhones.

9. Tencent

  • Market value: $3.02 trillion USD

Technology products and Internet-related services are a mere sideline for Tencent (TCEHY), a Chinese conglomerate. It is, among other things, one of the world’s largest gaming companies and among its largest venture capital outfits. Inside China, Tencent is known for its web portal and instant messaging services. It also holds the Chinese rights to some international franchises, notably purchasing the rights to the James Bond franchise from MGM and the Star Wars franchise from Disney.

10. Oracle

  • Market value: $180.54 billion USD

Oracle Corporation (ORCL) is a computer hardware and software developer based in Redwood Shores California, specializing in database management systems. Oracle has made significant investments in the future of cloud computing for business. In addition to its software and hardware products, it also offers complementary services, such as financing, training, and consulting. Although at the bottom of this tech list, it was the third-largest tech company in 2018 by revenue.

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